5: The FreeThinking Argument This argument originated with apologist Tim Stratton, head of FreeThinking Ministries. The unmoved mover argument: from our experience of motion in the universe, we can see that there must have been an initial mover. The Five Ways, in the philosophy of religion, the five arguments proposed by St. Thomas Aquinas as demonstrations of the existence of God. 2. Metaphysical – the study of being or existence; what can exist and kinds of existence. 1. Ontological Argument – a kind of argument for the existence of God that reasons a priori from the God being the greatest conceivable being and therefore must exi st s ince necessary existence must be attributed to the greatest conceivable being. An ontological argument for God’s existence is deduced from an a priori concept of God. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) developed five arguments for God’s existence, simplified in this way:. Things do not begin moving on their own. This argument, originally formulated by a Benedictine monk named St. Anselm and has gone through several revisions over the centuries. My second favorite argument for God’s existence is a little easier. Therefore there must be a first cause, itself By the way, a “cosmological” argument is any argument for God’s existence that’s based on the mere existence of the cosmos, the universe. Argument 5: The Ontological Argument. Anselm’s version was, to be frank, a little silly. It has a fancy name—the Kalam cosmological argument—but it’s really easy to understand. The premises of the argument demonstrate both the existence of free will as well as the existence of the soul, and it indirectly points to the existence of God. Similar to the subjective arguments for the existence of God, subjective arguments against the supernatural mainly rely on the testimony or experience of witnesses, or the propositions of a revealed religion in general.. However, he laid the groundwork for future philosophers to make it into a robust argument for God’s existence. God’s existence is therefore a necessity since there can be no higher conception by humans than that of an ultimate being. This argument stems from the thought that since thinking about God is the greatest thought we can have, then he must exist. Therefore, the argument is sound. The witness argument gives credibility to personal witnesses, contemporary and from the past, who disbelieve or strongly doubt the existence of God. The Five Ways are influential examples of natural theology, meaning that they are a concerted attempt to discern divine truth in the order of the natural world. Argument from first cause: it is impossible for a being to cause itself..