Consequentialism refers to a set of normative ethical theories that states an action should be judged right or wrong on the basis of its consequences. Difference Between Deontology and Consequentialism – Comparison of Key Differences. They clash because each offers a different approach to determining “right” from “wrong.” Have a Free Meeting with one of our hand picked tutors from the UK’s top universities. The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves. 1. The school’s members defended specific versions of consequentialism and deontology. “Deontology.” Ethics Unwrapped, Available here. Consequentialism says that right or wrong depend on the consequences of an act, and that the more good consequences are produced, the better the act. Consequentialism and Deontological theories are two of the main theories in ethics. Furthermore, consequentialism is often contrasted with deontology as well as virtue ethics. Deontology’s Foil: Consequentialism. Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting, normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. Subscribe for free: Every Friday I send a short newsle… In this way, consequentialism ethics provide criteria for the moral evaluation of actions, while also recommending rules or decision-making criteria for future actions. What is Deontology – Definition, Characteristics, Focus2. There are different forms of consequentialism; utilitarianism and hedonism are two such main forms. Here, you are demonstrating a deontological position as you are disregarding the possible consequences of your actions when determining what is right and what is wrong. […] One to one online tution can be a great way to brush up on your Philosophy and Ethics knowledge. Deontology is an ethical theory that states it is possible to determine the rightness or wrongness of actions by examining actions themselves, without focusing on their consequences whereas consequentialism is an ethical theory that states it is possible to determine the rightness or wrongness of actions by examining its consequences. J.S. Difference Between Positivism and Realism, What is the Difference Between Santoku and Chef Knife, What is the Difference Between Barbecuing and Grilling, What is the Difference Between Escape Conditioning and Avoidance Conditioning, What is the Difference Between Fiscal Year and Calendar Year, What is the Difference Between Turkey and Chicken, What is the Difference Between Cowboy and Wrangler. Furthermore, the more good results an act produces, the better or more right that act will be. Mill. Richard Atlas Philosophy & Psychology June 9, 2018 5 Minutes. For example, imagine you have received a gift from a friend, but you hate this gift. “Ethics – Introduction to Ethics: Consequentialism.” BBC, Available here.3. Deontology vs Consequentialism + Questions. The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, whereas consequentialism focuses on the consequences of the action. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. At an initial glance, Utilitarianism seems as if it would be a superior way to live a life full of good will, as it is focused on doing the most . More importantly, deontology doesn’t focus on the consequences of action, whereas consequentialism mainly focuses on the consequences. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. (Think bad to the baby Hitler example above; the non-consequentialists in that example could also be called deontologists.) Some of the most famous deontological thinkers include John Locke and Immanuel Kant, who believed that we should only make moral choices which are universally true and will always be universally true. What is the Difference Between Deontology and Consequentialism, Difference Between Deontology and Consequentialism. Hedonism, in contrast, states something is good if its results produce pleasure or avoid pain. Thus, this theory simply requires people to follow rules and do their duty. Deontological ethics state that an action’s morality is based entirely on whether the action would be considered “right” or “wrong” according to a certain set of pre-determined rules. Consequentialism and Deontological theories are two of the main theories in ethics. Because deontological theories are best understood in contrast to consequentialist ones, a brief look at consequentialism and a survey of the problems with it that motivate its deontological opponents, provides a helpful prelude to taking up deontological theories themselves. We saw that consequentialism divides ethics into a theory of good consequences and a theory of right action, with right action taken as the means to the good consequences. For example, telling a lie is a right action if it can have good consequences like saving someone’s life.