Collagen is the most abundant protein in the human body. Eighty percent to 90 percent of the collagen in the human body consists of types I, II, and III collagen, although at least 16 different forms of the protein are known. Collagen also provides important function in your blood vessels. Collagen and keratin give the skin its strength, waterproofing, and elasticity. Here's a look at what collagen is and how it is used in the body. Copyright © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. Elastin is several hundred times more flexible than collagen. Collagen also has an important function in bone. The function of these collagens, as well as of collagen K. Gelse et al. According to Dr. Eric F. Bernstein of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, collagen makes up approximately 80 percent of the dry weight of your skin. Functions of collagen: Collagen provides skin its potency and also water-resistant features: Collagen provides skin its potency and also water-resistant features, whilst collagen and also elastin collectively provide flexibility. Collagen is the most abundant protein in your body and is the structural protein of your bones, tendons, ligaments and skin . / Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews 55 (2003) 1531–1546 1537 types XIX  and XX  , within the tissue is still Collagen functions several different ways in your body. Bone is made up of a mixture of collagen and a mineral called hydroxyapatite. They are surely both proteins important to the function … Collagen is one of the proteins that give strength and flexibility to animal hides and leather. This gives the vessels strength, structure and flexibility, all of which are needed to effectively transport blood throughout your entire body. Collagen fibers provide your muscles with the strength and structure needed to move and function throughout the day. Fruits That Ruin Jell-O and Other Gelatin Desserts, The Science Behind Why Pineapple Ruins Gelatin, The Elemental Composition of the Human Body, Understanding the Healing Uses of Artificial Skin, Amino Acids: Structure, Groups and Function, Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College, The word collagen comes from the Greek word "kolla," which means "glue.". Collagen fibers support body tissues, plus collagen is a major component of … But, in spite of its critical function in the body, collagen is a relatively simple protein. Types of Collagen. In addition to being a key component of the human body, collagen is an ingredient commonly found in food. Collagen provides structure to the skin, and works hand in hand with another protein, called elastin, … Collagen is a protein made up of amino acids that are found in the human body. Collagen fibers support body tissues, plus collagen is a major component of the extracellular matrix that supports cells. The essential role of collagen as a structural component of tissues is made even more apparent by the occurrence of diseases associated with collagen damage. It is the most common protein in humans and other mammals, making up 25 percent to 35 percent of the total protein content of your body. Collagen is also found in cartilage, bone, blood vessels, the cornea of the eye, intervertebral discs, muscles, and the gastrointestinal tract. In fact, it is found in all the connective tissues in your body ranging from your skin and bones, all the way down to your organs and blood vessels. You have probably heard about collagen for years in skin creams or face products. The COL1A1 gene produces a component of type I collagen, called the pro-alpha1(I) chain. The function of collagen is to provide structural support and strength in the skin, bones, and connective tissues. Because collagen is an animal protein, there's some disagreement over whether foods made with collagen, such as marshmallows and gelatin, are considered vegetarian. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. Collagen is the main protein of connective tissue in animals and is the most abundant protein in mammals, making up about 25% of the total protein content. Collagen is a protein found in the human body. Usually, you'll see diagrams showing collagen as a fiber. Collagen actually is a family of proteins rather than one specific protein, plus it is a complex molecule, so you won't see a simple chemical structure for it.
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